The Difference Between Bluegrass, Old Time and Celtic Bands, Now Finally Explained!

The Music

Old Time and Celtic songs are about whiskey, food and struggle. Bluegrass
 songs are about God, mother and the girl who did me wrong. If the girl isn’t 
dead by the third verse, it ain’t Bluegrass. If everyone dies, it’s Celtic.


Old Time and Celtic bands have nonsense names like “Flogging Molly,” “Fruit
 Jar Drinkers,” and “Skillet Lickers” while Bluegrass bands have serious
 gender-specific names like “Bluegrass Boys,” “Clinch Mountain Boys” and 
”Backwoods Babes.”

The most common Old Time keys are major and minor with only 5 notes (modal).
 Bluegrass uses these, plus Mixolydian and Dorian modes, and a Celtic band
 adds Lydian and Phrygian modes.

A Bluegrass band has between 1 and 3 singers who are all singing about an 
octave above their natural vocal range. Some Old Time and Celtic bands have
 no singers at all. If a Celtic band has a singer, it is usually either a
 bewhiskered ex-sailor, or a petite soprano. A Bluegrass band has a vocal
 arranger who arranges three-part harmonies. In an Old Time band, anyone who 
feels like it can sing or make comments during the performance. In a Celtic 
band, anyone who speaks during a performance gets “the look,” and songs are
 preceded by a call for silence and a detailed explanation of their cultural
 significance. Bluegrass tunes & songs last 3 minutes. Old Time and Celtic
 tunes & songs can be any length, and sometimes last all night.

The Instruments

Banjo
A Celtic banjo is small and quiet.

An Old Time banjo is open-backed, with an
 old towel (probably never washed) stuffed in the back to dampen sound. A
 Bluegrass banjo has a bell bronze mastertone tone ring and a resonator to make 
it louder.

 A Celtic banjo weighs 4 pounds, an Old Time banjo weighs 5 pounds, towel
 included and a Bluegrass banjo weighs 40 pounds. A Celtic banjo has only 4
 strings. A Bluegrass banjo has five strings and needs 24 frets. An Old Time
banjo needs no more than 5 frets, and some don’t need any.

A Bluegrass banjo player has had spinal fusion surgery on all his vertebrae,
 and therefore stands very straight. If an Old Time banjo player stands, he
 slouches. A Celtic banjo player has a brace to relieve his carpal tunnel
syndrome and remains seated to maintain stability while cross-picking as fast
 as possible after several pints. An Old Time banjo player can lose 3
 right-hand fingers and 2 left-hand fingers in an industrial accident without
affecting his performance.

A Celtic banjo player flat picks everything. A Bluegrass banjo player puts jewelry on his fingertips to play. An Old Time banjo player puts super glue
 on his fingernails to strengthen them. Never shake hands with an Old Time 
banjo player while he’s fussing with his nails.

Fiddle
The Bluegrass fiddler paid $10,000 for his fiddle at the Violin Shop in
 Nashville. The Celtic fiddler inherited his fiddle from his mothers 2nd
 cousin in County Clare. The Old Time fiddlers got theirs for $15 at a yard
sale.

 Celtic and Bluegrass fiddles are tuned GDAE. An Old Time fiddle can be in a
 hundred different tunings. Old Time fiddlers seldom use more than two fingers
 of their left hand, and use tunings that maximize the number of open strings 
played. Celtic and Bluegrass fiddlers study 7th position fingering patterns
 with Isaac Stern, and take pride in never playing an open string. An Old Time
 fiddle player can make dogs howl & incapacitate people suffering from sciatic 
nerve damage. An Old Time fiddle player only uses 1/8 of his bow. The rest is
 just there for show.

Guitar
An Old Time guitarist knows the major chords in G and C, and owns a capo for
 A and D. A Bluegrass guitarist can play in E-flat without a capo. The 
fanciest chord an Old Time guitarist needs is an A to insert between the G
 and the D7 chord. A Bluegrass or Celtic guitarist needs to know C#aug + 7-4. A
 Celtic guitarist keeps his picks in his pocket. Old Time guitarists stash 
extra picks under a rubber band around the top of the peg head. Bluegrass 
guitarists would never cover any part of the peg head that might obscure the
 gilded label of their $3,000 guitar.

Mandolin
It’s possible to have an Old Time or Celtic band without a mandolin. However,
 it is impossible to have a true Bluegrass band without one. Mandolin players
 spend half their time tuning their mandolin and the other half of their time 
playing their mandolin out of tune. Old Time and Celtic mandolin players use
 “A” model instruments (pear-shaped) by obscure makers. Bluegrass mandolin
 players use “F” model Gibsons that cost $100 per decibel.

Bass
A Celtic band never has a bass, while a Bluegrass band always has a bass. An 
old, Old Time band doesn’t have a bass, but new Old Time bands seem to
 need one for reasons that are unclear. A Bluegrass bass starts playing with 
the band on the first note. An Old Time bass, if present, starts sometime
 after the rest of the band has run through the tune once depending on the
 player’s blood alcohol content. A Bluegrass bass is polished and shiny. An
 Old Time bass is often used as yard furniture.

Other Instruments
It is not possible to have a Celtic band without a tin whistle or Bodhran
(hand drum) if not several, usually too many of each. Old Time and Bluegrass
 bands never have either. A Bluegrass band might have a Dobro. An Old Time
 band might have anything that makes noise including: a tambourine, jaw harp,
 didgeridoo, harmonica, conga, wash tub bass, miscellaneous rattles & shakers,
 a 1-gallon jug (empty), or a lap (mountain) dulcimer or a hammered dulcimer.
 In a Celtic band, it’s the musicians that are hammered.

Instrumentation
Except for the guitar, all the instruments in a Celtic band play the melody
 all the time. In an Old Time band, anyone can play either melody or
 accompaniment at any time. In Bluegrass bands, one instrument at a time
 solos, and everyone else plays accompaniment.

 Bluegrass bands have carefully mapped-out choreography due to the need for
 solo breaks. If Old Time and Celtic band members move around, they tend to
 run into each other. Because of this problem (and whiskey) Old Time and
 Celtic often sit down when performing, while a Bluegrass band always stands.
 Because they’re sitting, Old Time and Celtic bands have the stamina to play 
the same tune for 20 minutes for a square or contra dance. The audience claps
 after each Bluegrass solo break. If anyone talks or claps near an Old Time or 
Celtic band, it confuses them, even after the tune is over.

Personalities and Stage Presence
Bluegrass band members wear uniforms, such as blue polyester suits with gray
 Stetson hats. Old Time bands wear jeans, sandals, work shirts and caps from
 seed companies. Celtic bands wear tour tee-shirts with plaid touring caps.
 All this head wear covers bald spots. 

Women in Bluegrass bands have big hair and Kevlar undergarments. Women in Old
 Time bands jiggle nicely under their overalls. There are no Women in Celtic
bands, only Lassies with long skirts and lacy, high collars and wenches in 
apple- dumplings-on-a-shelf bodices and leather mini-skirts. 

A Bluegrass band tells terrible jokes while tuning. An Old Time band tells 
terrible jokes without bothering to tune. Bluegrass band members never smile.
Old Time band members will smile if you give them a drink. A Celtic band is
 too busy drinking to smile, tune or tell jokes.

 Celtic musicians eat fish and chips, Bluegrass musicians eat barbecue ribs,
and Old Time musicians eat tofu and miso soup.

 Bluegrass musicians have mild high frequency hearing loss from standing near 
the banjo player. Old Time musicians have moderate high frequency hearing 
loss from sitting near the fiddler. Celtic musicians have advanced hearing
 loss from playing in small pubs with all those fiddles, banjos, tin whistles 
and bodhrans.

Festivals and Transportation
A Celtic band travels in an actual Greyhound bus with marginal air
conditioning and then catches a ride from the bus stop to the festival any 
way they can. A Bluegrass band travels in an old converted Greyhound bus that 
idles in the parking lot all weekend with the air conditioner running full
 blast, fumigating the county with diesel exhaust. An Old Time band travels in
 a rusted-out 1965 VW microbus that blows an engine in North Nowhere,
 Nebraska. They don’t have an Easy-Up, and it’s pretty evident that their
 vehicles don’t have air conditioning. Bluegrass players stay on the bus and
 Celtic musicians stay at the nearest Motel 6, while Old Time musicians camp 
in the parking lot. 

The Celtic Band has their name on their instrument cases and a banner for 
their Easy- Up. The bluegrass band’s name and Inspirational Statement are 
painted on both the side and front of the bus in script lettering. 

Bluegrass bumper stickers are in red, white and blue and have stars and/or 
stripes on them. Celtic bumper stickers display fancy knotwork borders, 
banners, and slogans from the old country. Old Time bumper stickers don’t 
make any sense (e.g. “Gid is My Co-Pilot’ )

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